Wrinkles on the face: causes, their types, anti-wrinkle remedies

What are the causes of wrinkles on the face?

Unfortunately, time does not stand still and our skin ages with us. We put our skin through many tests throughout our lives.
The condition of the skin depends on many factors, and the main culprits of wrinkles are age, environment, sunlight, lifestyle (poor diet, stress, smoking) and facial expressions.
With age, the body loses many valuable substances that are responsible for the elasticity, softness and elasticity of the skin. The amount of hyaluronic acid decreases, the synthesis of collagen weakens, and it is these substances that form the basis of our skin. Hyaluronic acid, collagen and keratinocytes suffer, among other things, from the decrease in estrogen concentration that occurs during menopause. The older we get, the weaker the fibroblasts (cells responsible for collagen production) in the dermis. All this means that skin cells do not regenerate quickly enough. Even worse, the collagen and elastin fibers eventually become stiff, tear and fade. The skin loses its natural filling, breaks down, begins to sag, which we see on the face in the form of wrinkles.
In addition, the environment in which we live, in particular, urban pollution, various atmospheric factors, as well as harmful ultraviolet rays, has a huge impact on our skin and accelerates the aging process. Dust in the air clogs pores and increases the number of bacteria on the face, which can lead to acne and blemishes. Chemical pollutants also pose a real risk - disrupting the skin's natural defenses, breaking down the skin's oils, leaving it dry and prone to aging.
Photoaging is the premature aging of the skin caused by repeated exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation, mainly from the sun, but also from artificial UV sources.

Without proper protection, UV light can seriously damage skin cells, which can lead to:
  • pigmentation;
  • changes in skin texture (it becomes rough, wrinkles appear);
  • an increase in the number of moles and freckles;
  • to the deterioration of the appearance of the skin;
  • skin cancer.

Wrinkles - characteristics and varieties

Experts distinguish between several main types of wrinkles, based on their location, the reasons for their appearance and how deep they penetrated into the layers of the skin.
Due to their occurrence, they can be divided into:
  • age - formed on the surface of the entire face during the natural process of genetic aging;
  • facial expressions - appear in places where the skin constantly wrinkles under the influence of facial muscle movements, expressing emotions (for example, if a person smiles or frowns);
  • smoker's wrinkles are characteristic of older age. Smoking leads to the narrowing of blood vessels in the layers of the skin, which limits blood flow and the skin's access to oxygen and nutrients necessary to maintain its nutrition and hydration. Nicotine and poisonous substances contained in cigarettes also lead to the destruction of collagen fibers of the skin, loss of its firmness and elasticity;
  • gravitational - appear as a result of ptosis (sagging) of the skin. It is accompanied by the fact that the corners of the eyes and mouth are lowered, the oval of the face changes, marionette lines appear, as well as nasolabial folds.
By depth there are:
  • epidermal (surface) - appear as thin lines as a result of poor hydration and are located mostly in the outer layer of the skin;
  • medium-deep - are formed as a result of the increase for various reasons of already existing surface wrinkles. The middle layers of the skin are affected;
  • deep - have the appearance of relief folds that affect the deep layers of the skin.
By location of wrinkles:
  • between the eyebrows - these are large folds that are located vertically and tend to appear when a person often shortens the eyebrows;
  • on the bridge of the nose (the upper part of the back of the nose) - small wrinkles, the appearance of which is associated with age-related changes and active facial expressions;
  • on the forehead - in the form of horizontal lines. Formed under the influence of emotions, in particular expressions of anger or excitement (facial expressions);
  • periorbital - formed in the area of the lower and upper eyelids, as well as on the outer corners of the eyes (crow's feet);
  • on the nose - wrinkles go from the nose (its central part) to the lower eyelids and cheeks. They are especially visible if a person frowns;
  • around the lips - you can notice purse lines. They have the appearance of folds of a small size, which are located vertically and are mainly formed above the upper lip.

How to stay beautiful and young longer?

It is impossible to avoid factors that affect the condition of the skin. However, by starting to use professional antiaging cosmetics on time and correctly, you can limit their effect on the skin and, thus, slow down skin aging.
Antiaging products are becoming the main trend in the beauty industry.

What are the main advantages of professional cosmetics?

First, in a serious approach to its production. Most often, not only cosmetologists, but also pharmacists, dermatovenerologists, allergists and other specialists participate in the development of such products. Each drug is thoroughly tested and undergoes multi-level control.
Another indisputable plus is the excellent composition of professional cosmetics, and all the components used undergo various tests and are safe.
Other advantages of professional cosmetics are clear instructions for use and useful recommendations for achieving the best result.
Professional cosmetics have one, it would seem, significant minus - the price. However, if you think about it, one properly selected professional tool can replace a dozen more affordable ones. The fact is that all creams, tonics, masks and lotions of professional lines are an order of magnitude more effective compared to ordinary cosmetics, so in the end such cosmetics can be even cheaper.
Also, professional cosmetics are not available for public sale and can only be purchased by cosmetologists from official representatives, which is a guarantee that the product is not fake.
Antiaging cosmetics can:
  • take care of the skin and restore it;
  • remove pigment spots;
  • maintain the result of cosmetic procedures for a long time, including after injection mesotherapy;
  • saturate the skin with antioxidants that prevent the occurrence of oxidative processes;
  • slow down skin aging processes;
  • improve the condition of the skin as a whole.
In a word, modern professional anti-age cosmetics are an indispensable tool for skin care and anti-aging.

Professional anti-wrinkle cosmetics - what to choose and when to start using?

With age, the hormonal background changes, so the rate of skin cell regeneration and all metabolic processes inside them decreases. Less and less substances are produced that protect the skin from aging. It is assumed that the reserves of nutrients in the body begin to be depleted after 25 years. Around this time, the aging process begins. However, if a person does not sleep regularly, lives in constant stress and in a polluted environment, and also eats poorly, the first wrinkles will be visible even several years earlier.
Professional anti-wrinkle cosmetics must be used from the age of 25. It is better to choose the one that is suitable for a certain age category. It makes no sense to apply creams from the 45+ line and expect the skin to look good when introducing a normal lifestyle at 25 years old. Manufacturers deliberately select ingredients that are most beneficial for the skin at this stage of life. For example, young skin needs antioxidants that will protect it from premature aging, while aged skin needs more powerful components, vitamins and minerals to maintain moisture levels at the proper level.
However, aging is a very individual thing, and the age information on the package will not always help you choose the right wrinkle cream. It is important that the specialist assesses the condition of the skin at the time of the client's visit and prescribes the appropriate remedy. It is necessary to proceed from the real state of the skin, how quickly it ages. As noted above, the appearance of wrinkles depends on many factors, and lifestyle can make a person look 30 in their 50s or vice versa. If it is observed that the aging of the skin progresses faster, then stronger formulas are needed and do not be afraid to get an anti-wrinkle cream for the older age group.
The purpose of professional cosmetics is to solve specific problems, and it can be applied until the problem is solved.
Beautiful and healthy skin is a daily job. Only with the help of professional and proper care can you preserve its beauty for many years.
The main thing is to remember that the effectiveness of professional cosmetics decreases if the body is exposed to constant stress, in the presence of excessive harmful habits, hormonal failure, lack of vitamins, improper nutrition, and will also be ineffective in case of incorrect determination of the type and condition of the skin, the causes of problems with skin and its incorrect application. Moreover, incorrectly selected cosmetics can further worsen the existing problem.

What is included in modern antiaging professional cosmetics?

An anti-aging product should perform many functions at the same time: intensively moisturize, nourish, protect against the negative effects of the environment and, of course, smooth out wrinkles. In order to correctly choose this or that antiaging agent, you first need to study the main components that should be included in a high-quality anti-wrinkle cream.
One of the best ingredients for skin care is hyaluronic acid.
Hyaluronic acid is a glycosaminoglycan that is part of the body's connective tissue and is one of the main components of the extracellular matrix. In other words, it is a sugar that is naturally found in our skin, holds water and directly affects the youth and beauty of the skin. Hyaluronic acid maintains a normal water balance and makes the skin firm and elastic. With age, the amount of natural hyaluronic acid in our body decreases, which is why it is often included in antiaging cosmetics.
Collagen is a fibrillar protein that acts as the main building component for connective tissues and is responsible for the elasticity of the skin. It is found mainly in the dermal layer. The main task of collagen is to maintain skin turgor. Thanks to collagen, the skin is smooth and elastic - without wrinkles. It helps the skin maintain its ability to repair itself (for example, after creases from a pillowcase after a night). With age, natural production decreases, all tissues lose elasticity, the skin thins, and wrinkles form. There is a need to replenish the reserves of this most important protein from the outside.
Collagen in the composition of professional cosmetics also has a number of excellent properties. The stratum corneum of the skin contains very little water and with age it becomes drier and drier. Collagen forms a protective film on the surface of the skin that prevents excessive loss of moisture and at the same time does not clog pores and does not prevent the skin from breathing. As a result, it moisturizes not only the surface layers of the skin, but also prevents excessive loss of moisture from the deeper layers of our skin. Hydrated skin has a smoother appearance, becomes more elastic, and wrinkles are smoothed out or appear less noticeable.

Also, it has other advantages:
  • the film that forms on the surface of the skin as a result of the action of collagen gradually dries up and creates a light lifting effect;
  • has regenerating properties;
  • prolongs the period of action of other components, in particular, oils and extracts when they are used together.
Fruit acids - enhance the production of collagen. Also, these acids have light peeling properties, as a result of which dead cells are gradually removed from the surface of the skin and the process of cleaning and lightening of the skin takes place. Fruit acids perfectly reduce wrinkles, even out skin color and lighten age spots. Such acids include citric, malic, lactic, glycolic, tartaric and other acids. As part of professional cosmetics, they can be designated as AHA-acids.
Peptides are protein molecules that consist of amino acids. Their main task is:
  • activation of the ability of skin cells to regenerate and restore;
  • strengthening of the production process of elastin, collagen, hyaluronic acid;
  • neutralization of free radicals;
  • strengthening of elastin and collagen fibers, which are responsible for skin elasticity;
  • promote muscle relaxation, which prevents the formation of wrinkles;
  • help to reduce manifestations of couperosis;
  • lightening skin pigmentation.
Antioxidants are important components of any professional cosmetics. They are necessary to protect the skin from the negative effects of the environment, bad habits, stress, etc. The most famous antioxidants in professional cosmetics are: vitamin E and C, coenzyme Q10, ALA - acids, extracts of grape seeds and green tea, as well as other products.

Vitamin C (ascorbic acid) is a powerful natural antioxidant and an excellent antiaging component. It has many positive effects on the skin:
  • neutralizes free radicals and prevents skin damage from external negative factors;
  • stimulates the production of collagen in the skin, increasing its elasticity;
  • protects against damage caused by UV rays, which are one of the main causes of premature skin aging;
  • fights signs of skin photoaging;
  • improves the complexion, brightens the skin and restores its radiance;
  • helps to strengthen capillaries.
Vitamin A (retinol) is considered one of the main vitamins of youth. It accelerates metabolic processes, stimulates the production of elastin and collagen, which slows down the aging process of the skin and helps it to remain young and beautiful for a long time. Retinol is a vitamin that penetrates well through the stratum corneum of the epidermis and acts very effectively.

The main properties of vitamin A:
  • promotes the production of collagen and elastin;
  • excellent antioxidant - resists the development of free radicals;
  • brightens the skin;
  • helps the uniform distribution of melanin in the skin;
  • reduces other.

How can you correctly determine your skin type?

Facial skin will be healthy, with an even, beautiful color only if you take care of it every day. At the same time, it should be remembered that all efforts will be in vain when professional cosmetics are selected incorrectly and do not correspond to their type.
There are several main types of skin:
  • normal;
  • dry;
  • fatty;
  • combined.
Whether the skin belongs to a particular type depends on how much it actively secretes the so-called sebum. You can find out what type of skin you have using a very simple method.
For this you need:
  • clean the skin of the face with a washing agent (for example, gel or foam for washing);
  • wipe the skin with a dry disposable towel or napkins;
  • after 2 hours, apply a paper napkin to the skin of the face, and then lightly press it in the area of the nose, cheeks, forehead and chin.
  • After that, hold the napkin up to the light and evaluate it.
  • there are no traces of sebum on the napkin, then the skin is dry;
  • faint marks can be seen all over the napkin, which means the skin is normal;
  • pronounced traces are present - the skin is oily;
  • pronounced traces are only in the area of the nose, chin and forehead, then the skin is combined.
Sensitive and mature skin can complement any of the above skin types.
Signs of sensitive skin:
  • thin;
  • frequent irritations;
  • has a pink color;
  • redness may appear after washing with water;
  • often peels;
  • peeling and redness appear in the wind or frost.
Mature skin has the following characteristics:
  • thin;
  • many small and deep wrinkles;
  • elasticity is reduced;
  • pigment spots are often found.

Laneb Paris - innovative cosmetics for professionals

Currently, there are many different professional cosmetology brands on the market, each of which has its own philosophy, its own vision of the ingredients of cosmetics, as well as its effect on the skin and its own pricing policy.
The choice of professional cosmetics, first of all, depends solely on the skills and preferences of the beautician.
One of the innovative and popular brands of cosmetics for professional use on the European market is Laneb Paris. This brand specializes in rejuvenating procedures and uses high concentrations of the best active ingredients in its formulas for quick and visible results.
Laneb works with the most demanding and authoritative French laboratory located in Aix-en-Provence, which has more than thirty years of experience in evaluating the safety and efficacy of cosmetic products.
The products of this company meet the highest European standards.

LANEB professional cosmetics will help to successfully solve many problems:
  • moisturize the skin;
  • improve seboregulation;
  • strengthen skin tone;
  • even out the complexion;
  • smooth wrinkles;
  • rid the skin of pigmentation.
The Laneb Paris brand offers beauticians several lines for professional skin care:
  • General Series;
  • Complex series;
  • Comfort series;
  • Sebobalance series;
  • Radiance series;
  • Moisturization Series;
  • Body care series;
  • Sunscreen series.
Laneb is the perfection of beauty, a guarantee of high quality and customer care.
You can learn more about Laneb professional cosmetics on our website.